The occupational health in the solid waste management – cepis

“The Occupational Health aims to: promote and maintain in the highest level of physical, mental and social well-being of workers in all occupations; the prevention of occupational diseases caused by working conditions, personnel protection of the risks resulting from adverse health factors on the different tasks; the location and conservation of the workers in occupational environments according to their physiological and psychological aptitudes, in short:. the adaptation of work to man and of every man to their own work. “ Industrial hygiene

“The Industrial Hygiene is the science and the art dedicated to the recognition, evaluation and control of all those environmental factors and conditions that are originated in the workplace and can cause sickness, deterioration of health and welfare, or significant discomfort and low efficiency among workers or between other citizens of the community.

“ Ergonomics

The work accident is defined as an unexpected and undesirable event that originates in the occupational environment. Is the result of a failure in any physical element of the work or the unsafe performance of any person or group. May or not occur or not, personal lesions or damage to facilities, equipment or materials. It anyway disrupts the normal progress of the work and is associated with downtime.

If Occupational Health technicians find an immediate risk to workers, they will not try to order the suspension of work but will report to Chief of Section, Department or Group, for the dangerous condition is corrected. If this person is sufficiently reasoned, will attend the suggestions and will obtain an appropiate result without causing any trauma.

From the above it follows that the location of the programm in the organizational structure, will be of an advisory body of directives without executive powers. Should depend on the management or other top-level executive, who has the ability to make decisions about the program. A direct communication, without intermediaries, is one of the basic factors for the good progress of its activities.

In this type of analysis is made to intervene the approximate frequency with which a specific adverse event occurred with existing operational elements. The gradations ( remote occurrence, random, rare and chronic ) are based on experience with similar components systems or are based on the results of preliminary tests on parts of the system under study. Probabilistic analysis

By selection, you will be able to choose suitable individuals with certain skills, but they probably do not possess the adequate preparation. For this reason it is required to subject them to a training program which will provide expertise and additional skills as part of plan of mutual accommodation between elements of the human-machine system, emphasizing in the postulate that production and safety are an indivisible unit.

The identification of the causes of occupational diseases includes qualitative and quantitative aspects. Requires a detailed knowledge of operations and production processes to discover which agents are susceptible to have contact with the workers and thus exert their negative effects. In addition, it is required to determine (based on environmental measurements or by estimations) the extent of exposure. In this quantitative assessment will be based the need or not, of adopting preventive methods or control.

Only if a complement is required, it will be advisable the use of personal protection equipment (respirators, earmuffs, gloves, etc.). The use of these elements comprises many limitations, being the principal, that the risk is not eliminated. Therefore should not be considered as substitutes for primary control methods but as a complement. Medical Control of Occupational Diseases

Should be made every effort to replace the improvised vehicles with closed compactor vehicles. Using these mechanical devices brings several advantages in terms of comfort (efficiency) and sanitation but, like in all mechanical medium, there are other type of risks for staff. You need to plan these tasks. Some aspects are stated in a summary form:

Stirrups and handles: they will be placed in the rear of the vehicle. The height of the stirrup over the floor will be 30 to 35 centimeters. The width must be sufficient to provide a good support but not excessive in order to prevent that workers, hit their legs with it. The handles should be accessible regardless of the stature of workers.