Ready for ifrs july 2018

Later, in June 2014 the IASB board issued Agriculture : Bearer Plants (Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41) which amended the scope of IAS 16 to include bearer plants. While IAS 41 Agriculture applies to the produce growing on the bearer plants. The amendments define a bearer plant and require bearer plants to be accounted for as property, plant and equipment in accordance with IAS 16.

As discussed in the amendments to the Basis for Conclusions on IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment, stakeholders told the Board that they think the fair value measurement is not appropriate for mature bearer biological assets such as oil palms and rubber trees because they are no longer undergoing significant biological transformation as defined in IAS 41 for the biological assets in relation to the agricultural activity.

The use of mature bearer biological assets such as those is seen by many as similar to that of manufacturing. Consequently, they said that a cost model should be permitted for those bearer biological assets (bearer plants such as oil palms and rubber trees), because it is permitted for property, plant and equipment. Further, they also said that they had concerns about the cost, complexity and practical difficulties of fair value measurements of bearer biological assets in the absence of markets for those assets, and about the volatility from recognising changes in the fair value less costs to sell in profit or loss. Furthermore, they asserted that investors, analysts and other users of financial statements adjust the reported profit or loss to eliminate the effects of changes in the fair values of these bearer biological assets.

Most respondents who cited agriculture in their responses to the Board’s 2011 Agenda Consultation raised concerns in relation to fair value measurement of plantations, for example oil palm and rubber trees plantation, and favoured a limited-scope project for these bearer biological assets to address the concerns as mentioned above. Only a small number of respondents favoured a broader consideration of IAS 41 or a Post-implementation Review, or said that there is no need to amend IAS 41.

Before the limited-scope project for bearer biological assets was added to its work programme, the Board was monitoring the work undertaken by the Asian-Oceanian Standard-Setters Group (AOSSG), primarily by the Malaysian Accounting Standards Board (MASB), on a proposal to remove some bearer biological assets from the scope of IAS 41 and account for them in accordance with IAS 16. Those proposals were discussed several times by national standard-setters, the Board’s Emerging Economies Group (EEG) and the IFRS Advisory Council. Feedback from these meetings indicated strong support for the AOSSG/MASB proposals and for the Board to start a limited-scope project for bearer biological assets.

In September 2012, the Board decided to add to its agenda a limited-scope project for bearer biological assets, with the aim of considering whether the account for some or all of them as property, plant and equipment, thereby permitting use of a cost model. Later, the Board decided that it had received sufficient information to develop an ED from work performed by the MASB, meetings of national standard-setters, feedback from preparers on the 2011 Agenda Consultation and user outreach performed by staff. Furthermore, the project was expected to result in limited changes that were sought by both users and preparers of financial statements. Consequently, the Board decided that the project could proceed without a Discussion Paper and developed and ED that was issued in June 2013, and finally, in June 2014 the accounting standard of Agriculture : Bearer Plants (Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41) was published by the IASB. Entities are required to apply the amendments for annual periods beginning on or after 1 January 2016. Earlier application is permitted (HRD).

Based on IAS 41, a biological asset is a living animal or plant controlled by the entity as a result of past events. Control may be through ownership or through another type of legal arrangement. Further, IAS 41 also defines biological transformation as the processes of growth, degeneration, production, and procreation that cause qualitative or quantitative changes in a biological asset.

Biological assets are the principal assets of agricultural activities, and they are held for their transformative potential. This results in two major types of outcomes; the first may involve asset changes – as through growth or quality improvement, degeneration or procreation. The second involves the creation of separable products initially qualifying as agricultural produce.

A biological asset shall be measured on initial recognition and at the end of each reporting period at its FAIR VALUE LESS COSTS TO SELL. Agricultural produce harvested from an entity’s biological assets shall be measured at its FAIR VALUE LESS COSTS TO SELL AT THE POINT OF HARVEST. Such measurements is the cost at that date when applying IAS 2 Inventories or another applicable standard. A gain or loss arising on initial recognition of a biological asset at fair value less costs to sell and from a change in fair value less costs to sell of a biological asset shall be included in profit or loss for the period in which it arises.

On 30 June 2014, the IASB issued Agriculture : Bearer Plants (Amendments to IAS 16 and IAS 41) which changed the accounting treatment for biological assets that meet the definition of BEARER PLANTS. Based on the amendments, bearer plants will now be within the scope of the IAS 16 and will be subject to all of the requirements therein. This includes the ability to choose between the COST MODEL and the REVALUATION MODEL for the subsequent measurement. Agricultural produce growing on bearer plants will remain within the scope of the IAS 41 Agriculture, i.e as a biological asset.

All of the following criteria as defined in the standard need to be met for a biological asset to be considered as a bearer plant. A bearer plant is defined as a living plant that : (a) is used in the production or supply of agricultural produce; (b) is expected to bear produce for more than one period; and (c) has a remote likelihood of being sold as agricultural produce, except for incidental scrap sales.