Measuring countries’ cooperation within the international climate change regime (pdf download available)

We present a method how to estimate and compare the cooperative behavior of countries within the international climate change regime. Climate change causes and effects pdf Two indicators measure whether and how fast countries have committed to the United Nations Framework on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol (KP). Climate change and its impact pdf Three additional indicators quantify whether and how effectively measures have been implemented in line with these agreements. What is global warming pdf These three measures are reporting, financial contributions, and development of per capita CO2 emissions in relation to the per capita gross domestic product of each country.

Global warming pdf file free download Results show that developed countries with emission targets under the KP ratified the protocol more often and faster, submitted their report timelier, and paid their annual financial contributions to the UNFCCC secretariat more regularly than the other countries. Climate change in south africa 2015 However, concerning CO2 emissions, developing countries are evaluated more positively than developed countries. Reasons for climate change wikipedia The five indicators are aggregated to a ‘Cooperation Index’ that evaluates 198 countries’ cooperative behavior within the international climate regime on a scale between 0 (=least cooperative) and 6 (=most cooperative). The effects of climate change on the environment According to this Cooperation Index, the following large countries are ranked after their level of cooperation in ascending order: United States of America, Australia, Russia, Canada, Brazil, China, India, South Africa, and large European countries.

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sustainable development policy is explored through the national sustainable development strategies of two countries, Scotland and New Zealand, over the period 2003–2007. Climate change and its effects pdf Since governance of issues starts with formulation of strategic direction, texts that purport to address sustainable development strategy provide a lens into governments’ value systems. What is climate change all about We use a form of Foucault’s governmentality and, drawing from papers that provide characterisations of governing approaches, we provide a discourse analysis of the two strategies and examine how the demands of sustainability are constructed within these documents. Recent news about climate change Adoption of sustainability principles in both countries appears dominated by the continued use of current governance practices, with few examples of what could be characterised a sustainability-led governance. Facts on climate change and global warming How each country’s strategy approaches the task of governing, however, is different. The meaning of climate change Biographical notes: Bob Frame is a Principal Scientist (Sustainability and Society) with Manaaki Whenua – Landcare Research, New Zealand’s foremost environmental research organisation and is based in Lincoln, New Zealand. Climate change definition pdf He conducts transdisciplinary research on creating future perspectives and translating them into effective policy and governance processes. Global climate change pictures He has worked closely on sustainability issues with government agencies and regional authorities in many countries, including the New Zealand Department of Prime Minister and Cabinet for whom he conducted a review of their Sustainable Development Programme of Action in 2006.

• “I will begin my analysis of the GCC policies with a discussion of their role on the international level before I address the regional and national levels as well as bilateral programs., 2009). Thesis about climate change in the philippines According to the study ”Measuring countries’ cooperation within the international climate change regime” by Baettig et al. Climate change impact on agriculture in india (2008) which is based on six different indicators, 3 the UAE fares best in cooperation with the agreements and Kuwait the least. Climate change in india In particular the emissions indicator shows a difference between the countries: the UAE score substantially higher than the other GCC countries and Kuwait scores the lowest of the 6 countries. Climate change pdf “

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates are major oil and natural gas producing countries that make up the Gulf Cooperation Council. Climate change news articles 2015 The six GCC countries fall in the top 25 countries of carbon dioxide emissions per capita and are perceived as the main actors blocking international climate change negotiations. Climate change news articles 2016 The aim of this article is to discuss from a policy perspective the capacities of the GCC states to switch toward an ecological modernization of their energy sectors. Evidence of climate change in africa At the beginning of the paper, I analyze the benefits of transforming oil wealth into funding for renewable energy and energy efficiency. Effects of climate change articles After this, I discuss obstacles to such a transformation process based on the rentier states theory. How to stop climate change and global warming Finally, I investigate governance of the GCC on all levels (international, regional, and local). Cause and effect climate change The article shows that the GCC countries have recently adopted a more pro-active approach toward ecological modernization. Impact of climate change in agriculture This reorientation has not yet resulted in the development of consistent strategies and policies, however. Climate change global warming articles The concluding assumption based on the concept of policy transfer is that pioneering projects such as Masdar City and innovative regulation like the green building code in Dubai will spread within the GCC.

[Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article examines whether democracies contribute more to the provision of global public goods. Climate change problems and solutions It thus contributes to the debate on the effects of domestic institutions on international cooperation. How to stop climate change facts The focus is on human-induced climate change, in Stern’s words Using new data on climate change cooperation we study a cross-section of 185 countries in 1990 words-deeds gaps also in other policy areas, and whether there are systematic differences of this kind between domestic and international commitments and across different policy areas.